Glossary

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Hover over the term for the full description.
Water Spotting
A condition caused by water evaporating on a finish before it has thoroughly dried or cured, which r…
A condition caused by water evaporating on a finish before it has thoroughly dried or cured, which results in a dulling of the gloss in spots.
Waterborne
A type of paint which uses water as its primary carrier rather than typical organic solvents.
A type of paint which uses water as its primary carrier rather than typical organic solvents.
Wax
A uniquely formulated blend that protects and produces a durable, high-gloss finish on a painted sur…
A uniquely formulated blend that protects and produces a durable, high-gloss finish on a painted surface. Waxes make it easier to clean a painted surface. Some also serve as polishes and are capable of removing minor paint imperfections. 
Weathering
The change in a paint film by exposure to natural forces, such as sunlight, rain, dust, wind.
The change in a paint film by exposure to natural forces, such as sunlight, rain, dust, wind.
Weatherometer
A machine designed to simulate the effects of weathering.
A machine designed to simulate the effects of weathering.
Weight Solids
The percent on a weight basis, of non-volatile material in a paint.
The percent on a weight basis, of non-volatile material in a paint.
Wet Film Gauge
A device used to determine wet film thickness of paint after application. 
A device used to determine wet film thickness of paint after application. 
Wet Sand
A technique involving the sanding of a surface while it is being flushed with water. This permits sm…
A technique involving the sanding of a surface while it is being flushed with water. This permits smoothing surface defects before subsequent coats are applied. 
Wet Spots
Discoloration caused where the paint fails to dry and adere uniformly. 
Discoloration caused where the paint fails to dry and adere uniformly. 
Wet-on-Wet Application
A painting method by which a second coat of paint is applied over the first before it hardens and dr…
A painting method by which a second coat of paint is applied over the first before it hardens and dries. 
Wetting
The process by which a liquid forms intimate contact with the substrate to which it is applied.
The process by which a liquid forms intimate contact with the substrate to which it is applied.
Wheel Mark
A pattern of small scratches left in a finished surface by the wheel of a buffer or sander during th…
A pattern of small scratches left in a finished surface by the wheel of a buffer or sander during the sanding and/or compounding operation. 
Wrap Around
The phenomenon by which electrically charge paint droplets curve around to the rear side of the obje…
The phenomenon by which electrically charge paint droplets curve around to the rear side of the object being painted. 
Wrinkling
Surface distortion that occurs in a thick coat of enamel due to uneven cure or recoating an uncured …
Surface distortion that occurs in a thick coat of enamel due to uneven cure or recoating an uncured paint film. 
Xylene
A high solvency, medium evaporating, aromatic hydrocarbon solvent.
A high solvency, medium evaporating, aromatic hydrocarbon solvent.
Zahn Cup
A device to measure viscosity. Calibrated in different sizes for different liquids.
A device to measure viscosity. Calibrated in different sizes for different liquids.
Zinc
A difficult metal substrate to paint due to its reactivity. Also, a constituent of a drier or a pigm…
A difficult metal substrate to paint due to its reactivity. Also, a constituent of a drier or a pigment. 
Zinc Chromate
A yellow, corrosion resistant pigment useful on steel. 
A yellow, corrosion resistant pigment useful on steel. 
Zinc Oxide
White pigment, useful to prevent mold or mildew on paint films.
White pigment, useful to prevent mold or mildew on paint films.

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